Great Cities of the Russian Heartland

 (Nizhny Novgorod / Vladimir / Suzdal /Moscow)

 GROUP TOUR
8 Days / 7 Nights

 

 

The tour includes visiting the capital and three centrally located cities of Russia, known for their great history and unique culture. Differing greatly in their size, population and industrial development, they are united by their glorious history and contribution to creation of the Russian state and traditional Russian culture.

Nizhny Novgorod

Located at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers, 450 km south east off Moscow, the city was founded in 1221 by Yuri Vsevolodovich, Grand Prince of Vladimir. For a short period of time (1341-1392) it was the capital of the mighty principality but lost afterwards its independence and became a part of the expanding Moscow state(1392). By the late 16th century, owing to its convenient location by the trade roads to Central Asia and India, Nizhny Novgorod(or simply Nizhny as the locals nickname it) became a flourishing market town, and a stronghold of the Moscow Tzardom (the predecessor of modern Russia). During the 19th century the riverside city became worldwide known as home for the Russia’s largest trading fair and the world’s biggest grain stock exchange. In 1932 the city’s name was changed to Gorky, in honor of the famous Russian writer Maxim Gorky, who was born there. The old name of the city was brought back in 1990, a notable year in the history of Nizhny: closed for foreigners by Soviet authorities for decades due to a big number of defense industry enterprises located there, it was opened up that year for unrestricted access. The famous Russian scientist and the Peace Noble Prize winner Andrey Sakharov spent six years there in exile (1980-1986) for his human rights activity. Today’s Nizhny, with its 1,4 million citizens, is Russia’s third largest city, after Moscow and St.Petersburg, and a popular tourist destination.

 

Vladimir

Founded in 1108, the city is a part of the popular Golden Ring travel itinerary, known for many masterpieces of the ancient Russian architecture. Until the mid of 14th century (when Moscow overshadowed it) Vladimir was de facto the political and cultural capital of the old Russia and the residence of the Russian metropolitans. The best architectural masterpieces of pre-Mongolian Russia, including splendid golden-domed cathedrals build of carved white stone and the magnificent Golden Gates, can still be seen inside and around the city.

Suzdal

With its population of only 12 thousand citizens, this town nevertheless is one of the country’s most popular tourist centers, a real pearl of the Golden Ring travel itinerary. It was the capital of its own principality in the first half of the 14th century, but later lost independence and became a part of the Moscow Tzardom (1392). Nowadays this charming little town, frozen in time looks right like a picture from a Russian fairytale, untouched by the modern development, with many brightly-colored domes of the churches and monasteries razing to the sky. There are more than 200 historical monuments preserved in the city.

Moscow

With the population over 10 million citizens, it is one of the world’s greatest megalopolises, and most attractive centers of world tourism.

Firstly mentioned in the Chronicles in 1147, Moscow, as compared with old capitals of Europe, such as Athens, Rome, Paris and London, is a middle-aged city. However, it is the standing that really matters, not the age. Being the capital of the world’s biggest country it always played very important role in political and cultural life of Europe and the world as a whole.

 


The program of the tour:

Day.1   

Arrival to Nizhniy Novgorod. Transfer to the hotel. Check-in. Dinner at the hotel;


Day 2

Breakfast. Sightseeing tour of the city including the Kremlin and Maxim Gorky Memorial Museum. Lunch. Afternoon tour of the Museum of Fine Arts, one of Russia’s oldest and best museums. Dinner.


 

Day 3

Breakfast. Tour of the Museum of Woodcrafts. Visit to the Andrey Sakharov Memorial Museum. In this flat the famous Russian scientist, the “father of the H-bomb”, spent six years in exile for his human rights activity and sharp criticism of the regime of those days. Lunch. Check-out. Transfer by bus to Suzdal. Arrival at Susdal. Check-in. Dinner at the hotel.


 

Day 4

Breakfast. Whole day sightseeing tour of the town including visit to the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. Lunch. Tours of the Yevfimiev Monastery of the Saviour and the Intercession Monastery. Visit to the Museum of Icons. Dinner.


 

Day 5

Breakfast. Transfer by bus to Vladimir (65 km away from). Sightseeing tour of the city including visit to the Golden Gates. Tours of the Assumption and Dmitrievsky Cathedrals. Trip to Bogolyubovo for visiting the Church of the Intercession on the river Nerl. Though rather small and modestly decorated, it is one of the most beautiful Russian churches, partially due to its picturesque location. Lunch. Transfer by bus to Moscow. (170 km away from). Arrival to Moscow. Check-in. Dinner at the hotel.


 

Day 6

Breakfast. Sightseeing tour of Moscow: Tverskaya ulitsa, (the main thoroughfare of the city), Manege Square, Red Square, Sparrow Hills (known for a fabulous view of the city), Novodevichy Convent (New Maden convent, probably the best-known cloister of Moscow, remaining virtually intact from 17 century), Christ the Saviour Cathedral (the main cathedral of Russia and the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world) etc. Lunch. Afternoon tour of the State Tretyakov Art Gallery, the best and the most famous collection of the Russian classical art. Dinner at the hotel.


 

Day 7

Breakfast. Tour of the Moscow Kremlin, the historical citadel at the heart of Moscow and the seat of the Russian government, including one of the Cathedrals on its territory. Lunch. Trip to Kolomenskoye, an UNESCO listed ancient royal summer retreat. Dinner at the hotel.


 

Day 8

Breakfast. Check-out. Transfer to the airport. Departure.


 

 
The price of the tour is quoted by request.